Dating and marriage in france
Dating and marriage in france
Disclaimer: The following information relating to marriage requirements of specific foreign countries is provided for general information only and may not be accurate in a particular case. Although marriage statutes in the United States vary from state to state, a marriage performed in France under French law is generally recognized as valid throughout the United States.
MANDATORY To be legal, all marriages must be performed by a French civil authority, i.e., an officier de l'etat civil, BEFORE any religious ceremony takes place.
In practice, this means that all marriages must be performed by the mayor (mairie) or his legally authorized replacement, such as a deputy mayor (adjoint) or a city councilor (counseiller municipal), of the town in which one of the parties to be married has resided for at least forty (40) days immediately preceding the marriage.
All Americans marrying in France must comply with this requirement.
At least one of the contracting parties must have resided in France for forty (40) days continuously prior to the marriage: The mairie of town where the civil ceremony takes place is dictated by the place of residence.
If both of the parties to the marriage meet the residence requirement, but resided in different districts, the civil ceremony may take place in either district of residence. French law also requires the posting of marriage banns at the appropriate mairie no less than ten (10) working days proceding the date of marriage.
The first publication of the banns can be made only at the end of thirty (30) days of residence in France by one party to the marriage.
Only in very exceptional cases can this requirement be waived by a French authority (the Procureur de la Republique for the district in which the marriage will take place).
It is recommended that the parties consult with the Bureau des Mariages (Marriage Bureau) at the mairie as soon as possible to discuss documentary requirements, marriage announcements, etc.
OPTIONAL A religious ceremony may be performed only AFTER (never before) the civil ceremony. passport or a French residence permit (carte de sejour) 2) a certified copy of birth certificate (extrait d'acte de naissance); 3) affidavit of marital status or certificate of celibacy (declaration en vue de mariage); 4) affidavit of law (certificat de coutume); 5) medical certificate (certificat medical prenuptial); 6) certified copy of death certificate of deceased spouse of final divorce decree; if either party previously married.
The minister, priest, or rabbi performing the religious ceremony will require the certificate of civil marriage (certificant de celebration civile) as proof that the civil ceremony has taken place. These documentary requirements are described in more detail below.
In addition to the above, if the parties to the marriage opt for a prenuptial contract governing their respective properties (regime du mariage), the French notary preparing the contract will give the couple a certificate (certificat du notaire) which must be presented to the mairie as well.
Birth Certificates (Extrait d'Acte de Naissance) and Affidavit of Marital Status (Declaration en Vue de Mariage) French law requires that all persons contracting marriage in France submit a certified copy of birth certificate to the appropriate mairie at the tie of the filing for marriage.