Scientific dating methods archaeology
Scientific dating methods archaeology - dating advice for guys in college
Archaeometry is an important tool in finding potential dig sites.The use of remote sensing has enabled archaeologists to identify many more archaeological sites than they could have otherwise.
Ground-based geophysical surveys often help to identify and map archaeological features within identified sites. Over the 150 years of the discipline of scientific archaeology, researchers have used many different ways to determine how old an artifact or archaeological site is. Chronological dating, or simply dating, is the process of attributing to an object or event a date in the past, allowing such object or event to be located in a previously established chronology.This usually requires what is commonly known as a "dating method".Archaeological science, also known as archaeometry, consists of the application of scientific techniques to the analysis of archaeological materials, to assist in dating the materials. In the United Kingdom, the Natural and Environmental Research Council provides funding for archaeometry separate from the funding provided for archaeology.Another important subdiscipline of archaeometry is the study of artifacts.
Archaeometrists have used a variety of methods to analyze artifacts, either to determine more about their composition, or to determine their provenance.
These techniques include: Lead, strontium and oxygen isotope analysis can also test human remains to estimate the diets and even the birthplaces of a study's subjects.
Provenance analysis has the potential to determine the original source of the materials used, for example, to make a particular artifact.
This can show how far the artifact has traveled and can indicate the existence of systems of exchange.
Archaeometry has greatly influenced modern archaeology. Archaeologists can obtain significant additional data and information using these techniques, and archaeometry has the potential to revise the understanding of the past.
For example, the "second radiocarbon revolution" significantly re-dated European prehistory in the 1960s, compared to the "first radiocarbon revolution" from 1949.